The turn-of-the-century marked a period of growth and change in the skyline of Lower Manhattan. Technology leapt forward, buildings sprang up, and people wrestled with the problems presented by the new skyline. Specifically, the creation of the skyscraper drastically changed the skyline, eliciting strong reactions from critics, architects, and the public. The response to the skyscraper prompted a period of rapid change, during which the concept of the ‘skyline’ itself was invented and interpreted in terms of its meaning, composition, and aesthetic.